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Medical examinations conducted before knee replacement

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Knee replacement is one of the reconstructive surgeries that are done to retain the functionality of the thigh, knee joint, and the foot. For it to be conducted perfectly, the person should undergo a series of medical examinations that will reveal the extent of injury to the knee so that the extent of surgery is determined. Knowing the extent of surgery helps doctors to advise the patient on the outcomes of the surgery and the possible side effects as well as prognosis. Below are some of the examinations that will be conducted.

knee replacement

X-Rays

X-rays are done before any robotic knee surgery New York doctors perform. This is because X-rays determine the extent of injury of the bone. When it is done, black and white images have generated that show how the exact condition of the bone. Before every knee replacement surgery, the doctor counsels the patient and relatives. X-rays further help the doctors in knowing where exactly to operate for the client to receive excellent healing.

Blood Tests and Liver Function Tests

The knee surgery New York doctors perform is done only on those whose bodies are fit to undergo the surgery. A blood test is conducted to know the full blood count of the patient. This test measures the Hemoglobin level of the patient. Patients with low HB are not supposed to undergo any surgery because they could go into cardiac arrest during the operation due to lack of enough blood. The white blood cells reveal that there is a systemic infection if they are higher than normal. Further, to ensure that people are given the best treatment after surgery, liver functional tests should also be done.

Consent of the Patient and Family Members

There are times when patients don’t believe that knee replacement is the only cure for their condition. As a doctor, you have to weigh things and foster the interventions that will lead to a better life of the patient. The doctor will, therefore, talk to the patient and family members and make them understand the circumstances ad results of the surgery in case the replacement is done.

The robotic knee replacement New York doctors conduct is done if the patient accepts and agrees. Knee replacement is conducted for the betterment of the lives of the patients.

The bottom line is that prior preparations should be done before the surgery is done. The patient should be prepared both physically and psychologically so that the surgery goes as planned. Any condition that could lead to complications after surgery should be rectified before the surgery is done. If the patient has infections, they should be treated first. If the patient has low HB, blood transfusion should be done to ensure that the patient becomes strong and ready for the surgery. Many people get complications after the surgery because they are not well prepared; otherwise, it is a surgery that can heal within a few days after one gets out of the theatre.

For more information on knee replacement surgery, you can visit websites such as http://www.newyorkhipknee.com/services/total-knee-replacement/

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